Tadoba National Park

Introduction
Tadoba National Park, also called Tadoba Andhari Tiger Project, is the oldest national park in the state of Maharashtra. It comprises 623 sq km of assorted meadows, lakes and dense mixed forests of bamboo and teak, home to large populations of spotted deer, sambar deer, wild boar and antelopes such as the nilgai and the very rare four-horned antelope. Carnivores such as leopard, sloth bear, wild dog and jungle cat are seen here regularly: however, the reserve is primarily the domain of the Bengal tiger. The tiger population has surged in recent years from a population of around 40 in the 1990s to a present day adult population of almost 70. The birth of around 30 new cubs over the last year is testament to the health of the reserve and bodes well for the future tiger population here and throughout the whole of India. The park was declared a Project Tiger reserve in 1995. It is one of the best tiger reserves of India as tiger population has increased rapidly. Tadoba National Park and Andhari wildlife sanctuary together form the Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve. The word 'Tadoba' is the name of the God 'Tadoba' or 'Taru', praised by the tribal people who live in the dense forests of the Tadoba and Andhari region, whereas "Andhari" is derived from name of Andhari River that flows in this area. Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve covers the Chimur Hills, and the Andhari sanctuary covers Moharli and Kolsa ranges. It's bounded on the northern and the western side by densely forested hills. Thick forests with smooth meadows and deep valleys, Cliffs, Talus and Caves provide refuge to the animals. Two forested rectangles are formed by Tadoba and Andhari range. The south part of the park is less hilly.

History
There is a great history behind the name of Tadoba National Park. Tadoba National Park lies in the district of Chandrapur in the part of the Maharashtra, in the heart of reserved forests. Gond King was the ruler of Chandrapur actually they ruled over most of the Central India. Raja Khandkhya Ballal Shah was the founder of the Chandrapur and the Tadoba Tiger Reserve is a part of the Chandrapur District, it is also a famous tourist's attraction which attracts a large number of tourists and it is also from one of India's 50 Project Tiger. The name of the National Park Tadoba gets its name upon the name of the God "Tadoba" or "Taru" which are worshipped by the tribal people of the forests of the Tadoba and Andhari region. According to popular legend, the village chief died while valiantly confronting the tiger. His courage is eulogized to this day to the extent that he is worshipped by the locals as the deity 'Tadoba'. The National Park too has been named after him as the Tadoba National Park. Temple of Taru is situated on the banks of the Tadoba Lake and also sees a big huge tree over here. The temple is frequented by Adivasis, especially during the fair held every year in the Hindu month of Pausa, between December and January. Andhari River that flows in the forest gives the name Andhari. Earlier, the kings of Gond ruled this forest in the vicinage of the Chimur hills. During 1935, hunting was totally restricted, but later in the year 1955; the area of 116.54 sq. km (45.00 sq mi) was acknowledged as The National Park. Andhari Wildlife Sanctuary was made on the next forests in 1986 and later in the year 1995, the park & the sanctuary were combined together to form the present India's 41 "Project Tiger"-Tiger Reserves. The Tadoba National Park is divided into three separate forest ranges, i.e. Tadoba north range, Kolsa south range, and Morhurli range, which is sandwiched in between the first two. There are two lakes and one river in the park, which gets filled every monsoon, the 'Tadoba Lake', 'Kolsa Lake,' and 'Andhari River.' These lakes and rivers provide vital ingredients needed to sustain the park's life.

Climate
Tadoba national park climatic condition is basically hot. Here summer season lasts for long time duration. Tadoba National Park suffers from the opposite temperature. In winters it drops till 0 to 200 and in summers it shoots up to scorching summers. Winters stretch from November to February and day temperatures is between 25°-30°C and the park is looks green. Summers are too hot in Tadoba as the temperature increases to 47°C; even so it is the ideal time to sight mammals near water lakes as the vegetation is also rare, increasing visibility. The monsoon breaks in June with heavy rainfall of approx.1275 mm. and humidity is around 66%.

Flora
Tadoba reserve is a predominantly southern tropical dry deciduous forest with dense woodlands comprising about 87% of the protected area. The most popular species of trees is Teak and bamboo in this forest. Lets check some of the most commonly seen trees in Tadoba national park.

TADOBA FLORA
Ain (Crocodile Bark) Bija Dhaudab Haldu (Adina Cordifolia)
Salai Semal Shisham (Delborgia panicultata) Sisoo
Sivan Surya (Indian Tulip Tree) Sirus Tendu
Baheda Bel (Aegle Marmelos) Chichwa Dhawada (Anogeissus latifolia)
Karu (Sterculia urens) Hirda Karaya Gum Mahua Madhuca
Lannea Coramendelica Bamboo Teak (Tectona grandis) Bibba (Semecarpus anaecardium)

Tadoba Fauna
Tadoba National Park is a popular tiger reserve that's affably known as 'The Land of Tigers' as large number of tigers are found here. Recent estimates indicate around 72 Tigers (60 in core and 12 in buffer) over a rich jungle spread over 625 square kilometers. Recently a photo from this reserve by Amol Bais was on a postal stamp to be released on 29 July International Tiger day. Tadoba National Park has many species of wild animals. It is rich in flora and fauna too.

Mammals
Tadoba national park mammals checklist is long as here we can find all prominent mammal species that found in other national parks of Central India like Pench, Kanha, Bandhavgarh etc like Tigers, Sloth Bear, Leopard, Wild Dog (Dholes), Rusty Spotted Cat, Indian Gaur, Indian Mouse Deer, Ratel, Sambar, Wild Boar, Spotted Deer, Flying Squirrel, Four Horned Antelope, to name a few. As soon the night falls, the Small Indian Civet, the Palm Civet, the Ratel, and the Flying squirrel make their presence felt. Some of the major wild animals that are always found in this park include: Hyenas, Spotted Deer, Wild Boars, Barking deer, Gaurs, Four horned Antelopes, Blue bulls, Indian Pangolins, Common Langoors, Porcupines etc. Let's check some of the prominent mammal species distribution in Tadoba national park.

TADOBA MAMMALS
English Name Local Name Distribution
Savi's Pygmy Shrew Chichundri Tadoba, Nagpur, Amravati region
Indian Tree Shrew Zad Chichundri Tadoba, Monurli and Kolsa region
Indian Flying Fox Watwaghul Tadoba and Chandrapur region
Tiger Bagh Tadoba, Kolara, Kolsa, Chandrapur
Indian Pangolin Khavalya Manjar Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve
Indian Wolf Landga Outskirts of Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve
Asiatic Jackal Kolha Andhari region of Tadoba Tiger Reserve
Indian Wild Dog Dhole Tadoba, Kolsa, Moharli and other areas
Bengal Fox Khokad Tadoba region
Sloth Bear Aswal Tadoba & Kolsa region of Tiger Reserve
Ratel or Honey Badger Chandi Aswal Tadoba & its surrounding areas
Small Indian Civet Jowadi Manjar Kolsa region of Tiger Reserve
Striped Hyaena Taras Nearby areas of Mohurli ergion.
Indian Jungle Cat Ran Manjar Tadoba region of Tiger Reserve
Leopard Cat Wagati Mohurli & Kolara region.
Tiger Dhanya Wagh Tadoba, Kolsa & Kolara region.
Mouse Deer Pisori Harin Tadoba Andahari Tiger Reserve
Sambar Sambar Tadoba, Moharli and Kolsa region
Indian Gaur Gava Kolsa & Moharli region.

Birds
Birds are unique among vertebrates, as they have true ability to fly, besides this many of birds as well can wade, swim, walk and run. In Tadoba Andhari tiger reserve areas, popular birding areas are like Panchdhara, Kala Amb, Tadoba lake, Irai lake etc. Presence of various ever-green lakes with enough water in tiger reserve area ensures good birding opportunity during Tadoba birding tour. Here approx. 78% birds are of resident nature and their movements within the forest area depends upon the water conditions, availability of food, suitable nesting places etc. Approx. 17% of birds are of migratory category which means they visits in winter season during October to March month. Above all, there are approx 192 species of birds in Tadoba national park. Some of the prominent Tadoba birds are Little Cormorant, Darter, Great Crested Grebe, Little Grebe, Little Egret, Grey Heron, Purple Heron, Cattle Egret, Median Egret, Asian Openbill Stork, Oriental White Ibis, Black Ibis, Indian Pond Heron, Lesser Whistling Duck, Brahminy Shelduck, Red Crested Pochard, Common Teal, Spot Billed Duck, Comb Duck, Black Shouldered Kite, Black Kite, Brahminy Kite, Indain White-backed Vulture, Lesser Crested Serpent Eagle, Marsh Harrier, Pallied Harrier, Shikra, Painted Francolin, Common Quail, Grey Junglefowl, Bush Quail etc.

Reptiles
Species of reptiles are also found in this park like endangered Indian python, terrapins, star tortoise, cobra, etc. Apart from this, giant wood spider, the signature spider, and red wood spiders are also found during monsoon season. Reptiles – Indian python, Terrapins, Star tortoise, Cobra, Russell's viper, Krait, Bronze tree snake, Rat snake, Leaf nosed snake, Indian Python, The fresh water crocodile, Monitor lizards etc.

Tourist Attractions
Tadoba National Park is enclosed by some beautiful places and temples like Tadoba Lake, Sankatmochan Hanuman Mandir, Shiv Mandir, and Urjanagar Lake. Visit the oldest national park of Maharashtra and get an opportunity to view the striped creature at Tadoba National Park. Other than this, Nagpur is very close from the park that is also known as 'Tiger Capital of India' as it is linked with many tiger reserves in India. There are much more attraction in Tadoba apart of wildlife. Such as Tadoba Lake, Museum at Tadoba , Panchadhara waterhole, Vasant Bhandara waterhole, Sankatmochan Hanuman Mandir, Shiv Mandir, Urjanagar Lake, St. Michael Church, Durga Maa Temple, Ayyappa Temple, Ramdegi Temple, Mahakali Temple, Jain Temple. These all are good places to visit apart from wildlife.

Tadoba Safari
Just like many other popular national parks, here in Tadoba national park also, online safari booking service is available. For Tadoba safari booking, interested tourists are required to visit the website and fill-up safari booking form. Here you are required to provide visitor details like his name, gender, country, age, identity document details. Guest is required to carry their original identity document with them during all safari drives. Fee payment is required to be done online to get the confirmed safari ticket/s. This will entitle us for safari driver. Now later we have to pay for safari vehicle and safari guide fee. Here in Tadoba national park, camera fee is required separately, as per dimensions of camera and lens. Guest may pay this fee online or at entrance gate. One safari ticket will entitle us for one safari drive in selected safari zone. During all safari drive, we are required to hire guide service on mandatory basis. As it is a popular tiger reserve of India so their is competition for safari booking in advance. We request all our readers to do their safari ticket booking in advance to secure their entry. Here open jeeps are used for all safari drives. During all safari drives, visitors are advised to carry their own water bottles, sun-glasses, cap etc. to enjoy it in better way.

How to reach
Let us check how to reach Tadoba national park. It lies in Chandrapur district and very well connected by road and train options. Nearest airport is at Nagpur which is very well connected by rest of India. We are operating tourist taxi service from nearby railway stations and airport options.
By Air :The nearest airport is in Nagpur from where 3 hour taxi rides are easily available. Nearest Airport (Nagpur): 140 km. Taxi can be hire to reach the Tadoba from airport.
By Train :Nearest railway station for Tadoba national park is Chandrapur railway station, which is 40kms from Mohurli entrance gate of Tadoba. Second best option is Nagpur railway station at a distance of 180kms with good train connectivity with rest of India.
By Road: The bus stand and railway station are opposite to each other. Buses also run regularly between Chandrapur and Mohali village. Nearest Bus stand (Chimur): 32 km

Best time to visit
The Tadoba National Park mainly open from October to June month. During monsoon season, majority of park area remains closed for safari drives but a limited area remain open for walk-in visitors. The ideal time and season for visiting the park is November to mid April period when majority of tourist do their Tadoba tour. Due summers here temperature reaches more than 45°C during which jungle safari drives become more challenging. Mostly Indian tourist prefers to plan their holidays in Festivals and holiday time due to which their presence is better in period of October -December and April - June. The best time to spot tigers at Tadoba is during March to May. Other than tigers, other wildlife can be easily spotted all around the year and winters (December to February) are particularly favorite months for wildlife safaris. Apart of it visiting time depends also on the purpose of exploring Tadoba National Park like for photography post monsoon time will be best.

Accommodation
Accommodation is not a problem in Tadoba National Park. For accommodation in Tadoba National Park have many Resorts and hotels available in all entrance gates but again close to Mohrauli entrance gate, we can found much more options for different budget category visitors. On the other hand private professionals' resorts & lodges of all budget categories (Luxury, Standard & Budget) are available at Mohruli gate. Here some of the popular resorts and safari lodges Stay apart Pugmark resort, Tadoba Jungle Villa, camp Serai tiger, Irai Resort, MTDC Tadoba etc.

Next to Tadoba
Tadoba national park is surrounded by many tourist destinations. The Maharashtra Tourist Destination can be extend in a trip after Tadoba such as Nagpur, Chandrapur, Akola etc apart of it one can visit other places of wildlife and heritage in Madhya Pradesh and Chattisgarh. Some similar places are also near the Tadoba National Park as Karnala Bird Sanctuary, Nokreck National Park, Mathikettan Shola National Park and Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary. After exploring the wildlife of Tadoba, one should visit other national parks like Kanha National Park (322 Km), Pench National Park (256 Km), Nagzira Wildlife Sanctuary (167 Km), and Navegaon National Park (171 Km), as these are located nearby Tadoba and it gives a wonderful experience of lifetime. It makes one of the best trips ever for wildlife lovers. Other must-see attractions include Vijaydurg Fort (989 Km), Erai (Irai) Dam (51.5 Km), Sevagram (122 Km), Mahakali Mandir in Chandrapur (50.6 Km), Raipur (333 Km), Raigarh Fort (629 Km), etc.

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